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European Encounters with the Yamana People of Cape Horn, before and after Darwin

Details

  • 54 b/w illus. 2 maps
  • Page extent: 746 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 1.09 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 983/.64600498092309
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: F2986 .C453 2010
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Yahgan Indians--History
    • Yahgan Indians--Social life and customs
    • Indians of South America--First contact with Europeans--Chile--Horn, Cape
    • Horn, Cape (Chile)--History
    • Horn, Cape (Chile)--Ethnic relations

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521513791)

This is a documented narration of dramas played out from 1578 to 2000 in the Cape Horn area, Tierra del Fuego, by the native Yamana and Charles Darwin, explorers, sealers, whalers, Anglican missionaries, and three other famous people who made contact with some of the last Yamana. The narration, based on geographical, historical, and ethnographic sources and Anne Chapman's fieldwork with the last few descendants of the Yamana, describes the Europeans' motives for going to Tierra del Fuego and the Yamana's motives for staying there some 6,000 years, what the outsiders gained, and what the Yamana lost. The main objective of this work is to incorporate the hunting-gathering Yamana into world history by evoking their way of life, especially Jemmy Button and Fuegia Basket in comparison with the outsiders they encountered, especially Drake, Cook, and Darwin in their scientific world in the context of their experiences with the Yamana in Tierra del Fuego and nearby areas.

• This work challenges the concept of 'ethno-history' by incorporating the 'ethnos' (the native Yamana of the Cape Horn area) into world history, on par with Drake, Cook, Darwin, etc. • The text is strictly documented (not fictional) and is written for the public with many of the notes for students and specialists, therefore it is a general work as well as a source book or textbook • The Yamana have a written history as well as a prehistory, and I hope to have contributed to the former

Contents

INTRODUCTION; 1. 1578–1775: DRAKE ENCOUNTERS THE FUEGIANS: THE FIRST MASSACRE OF EUROPEANS: CAPTAIN COOK INAUGURATES A NEW ERA; 2. 1780–1825: MOBY DICKS IN TIERRA DEL FUEGO: THE WHALERS AND SEALERS ARRIVE; 3. 1826–30: tHE FIRST VOYAGE OF HIS MAJESTY'S SHIPS TO TIERRA DEL FUEGO: FOUR FUEGIANS TAKEN TO ENGLAND; 4. 1830–2: FUEGIANS IN ENGLAND: FITZ-ROY AND DARWIN MEET: THE BEAGLE RETURNS TO TIERRA DEL FUEGO WITH DARWIN; 5. 1833–6: tHE THREE FUEGIANS WITH DARWIN AND FITZ-ROY IN TIERRA DEL FUEGO: ADIOS FUEGUINOS; 6. 1838–43: USA AND GB ANTARCTIC EXPEDITIONS ARRIVE NEAR CAPE HORN AND MEET THE YAMANA; 7. 1848–51: ALLEN F. GARDINER SEARCHES FOR HEATHENS AND FINDS THE YAMANA; 8. 1852–8: tHE MISSIONARIES CARRY ON, JEMMY BUTTON IS LOCATED; 9. 1858–60: YAMANA VISIT THE KEPPEL MISSION: MASSACRE IN TIERRA DEL FUEGO; 10. 1860–9: tHE FIRST EPIDEMIC: THE MISSIONARIES SEEK A LOCATION: FOUR OTHER YAMANA VISIT ENGLAND; 11. 1869–80: tHE MISSIONARIES SETTLE IN USHUAIA: THE YAMANA ATTEMPT TO ADJUST; 12. 1881–2: fIRST SIGNS OF EPIDEMICS IN USHUAIA: ALAKALUFS KIDNAPPED TO EUROPE: NEWS OF FUEGIA BASKET; 13. 1882–6: tHE FRENCH ARRIVE, THEN THE ARGENTINES: THE EPIDEMICS BECOME UNCONTROLLED; 14. 1887–1900: oTHER FUEGIANS KIDNAPPED: THE NON-ENDING EPIDEMICS: 'IS GOD VERY FAR AWAY?'; 15. THE XX CENTURY: THE YAMANAS: USHUAIA, THEIR ANCIENT CAMP SITE, BECOMES A CITY.

Review

Review of the hardback: 'The late Anne Chapman's well-written and researched volume chronicles the dramatic, at times deadly, encounters between indigenous people and European scientists, missionaries, and traders in the nineteenth century … many scholars will profit from reading its rich narrative.' William F. Sater, The American Historical Review

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